If you still do not know where the hip hop culture comes from, this info is for you.

Hip hop music, also known as rap music, is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. It consists of two main components: rapping (MCing) and DJing (production and scratching). Along with hip hop dance (notably breakdancing) and urban-inspired art, or notably graffiti, these compose the four elements of hip hop culture, a cultural movement that was initiated by inner-city youth, mostly Blacks and Latinos in New York City, in the early 1970s. Though it can be referred to as an African American music, its creation and proliferation can be credited to many groups of people within the United States and around the world.Typically, hip hop music consists of rhythmic lyrics making use of techniques like assonance, alliteration, and rhyme. The rapper is accompanied by an instrumental track, usually referred to as a “beat”, performed by a DJ, created by a producer, or one or more instrumentalists. Historically, this beat has often been created using a sample of the percussion break of another song: usually funk and soul recordings have been utilized. However, in recent years, it has become more common for the beat to be built up from individual drum samples. In addition to the beat, other sounds are often sampled, synthesized, or performed. Sometimes a track can be instrumental, as a showcase of the skills of the DJ or producer.


   “Alem-art” is the first Republic music TV contest among young traditional singers and kui performers on new level for Kazakhstan. The main goal of the project is to support interest of youth to traditional Kazakh music. Moreover, “alem art” will give opportunity for young talented musicians to show their endowments to the whole Kazakhstan. The general sponsor of this real patriotic contest is bank “Turan Alem”. www.alemart.kz     

          It is similar to TV project “Superstar KZ”. Famous jury members chose only best musicians from all regions of our country. Chosen 12 contestants will live in house together and prepare to concerts with famous musicians and stylists. At the end on TV project people will chose only one contestant through voting with sms and calls.  But the differences are “alem art” is in Kazakh language and there performed only folk songs with traditional kuis. It is time to choose real talented performers of traditional music!  


       Last week in Kazakhkoncert it was presentation of magazine “dombyra”. It was first magazine which has direction of kazakh traditional music and dombyra. http://www.inform.kz/showarticle.php?lang=kaz&id=182342It is written in 3 languages: Kazakh, Russian and English, that’s why this magazine should be popular among wide audience. In each magazine your can find courses of playing dombyra for beginners. According to the redactor and founder of magazine Zhasaral Ensepov, who is famous musician and composer, this magazine will be introductory book about Kazakh traditional music, its past, present and future recommended for all people. Magazine will publicize not only about Kazakh traditional music, but also about last news in modern music and world’s tendency of music. http://www.almaty.tv/?uin=1140584522&chapter=1182762292

        When I was in this presentation, I noticed all famous musicians of our traditional music as Azidolla Eskaliev, Karshiga Akhmedyarov, Serzhan Shakiratov, Karima Saharbayeva, Edil Kusainov etc. First part of presentation was answers to questions of journalists and wishes of famous musicologists. Most of them asked about content of magazine and its authors, others thanks the author Zhasaral Ensepov and wished him energy, new interesting projects and prosperity to “Dombyra”. Second part was a concert of young but famous stars of Kazakhstan Estrada.  They performed traditional music with new arrangements on traditional instruments as dombyra, kobyz, zhetigen, shankobyz. The most interesting was performance of Asylbek Ensepov with new electro-acoustic dombyra. It was unusual to hear traditional music in different sound and interpretation. Sometimes the sound of dombyra was similar to electro guitar; sometimes to saxophone.. How people will judge this new sound of dombyra,  time will show in the future… But we wish only prosperity to this new magazine “dombyra” and new electro dombyra.

      When the art of kui had been strengthened, the traditional schools were formed in Kazakh region according to geographical, historical and cultural factors. From the geographical point of view and traditional similarities they are divided into several cultural areas. According to this traditional schools are in following territories : West, Arka and Zhetisu. Such kind of dividing are because of art of kui is divided into two big traditions according to http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0385-2342(1994)53:1%3C97:FAFIK%3E2.0.CO;2-T. In performance style they are called tokpe and shertpe. In tokpe tradition are performed music of West region which  are strong and burst in Arka. In tokpe tradition are peformed music of west region which are strong  , The term “tokpe” came out from the word  “togu” (to spill).,i.e to play with enormous power.   Shertpe is belong to Arka(central, northern, eastern Kazakhstan regions), Zhetisu, Southern or Karatau regions’ schools. The kuis of this tradition are calm in stress and full of mystery ideas and deep thoughts.  http://www.homestead.com/prosites-kazakhembus/zhaimov.html     

       Nation instrumental traditions in different regions of Kazakhstan historically developed like performance school, as a rule it is connected with favourite creative personality. It won’t be overstatement to say , that every well-known figure , gifted musician can be the head of the whole stream, direction or a new schools as it had done Kurmangazi, Tattimbet, Kazangap, Dauletkerei, Sugir. There are 8 dombyra traditional schools:

    First, it is school of Kurmangazi(grandfather of kui) and his follower(grandmother of kui). This is tradition of western Kazakhstan. Creative work of Kurmangazi presents obvious features of innovation and style of Western Kazakhstan traditional kui tokpe. His famous kuis as “Aman bol sheshem aman bol”, “Kairan sheshem”, “Kisen ashkan” and others have autobiographical character. Kuis “Saryarka”, “Adai”, “Balbiraun” reflected powerful movement of collective life and soul of people; they became musical symbols of Kazakhstan. The main pecularity of kuis of Kurmangazi are energy, dynamics and powerful gust.(www.peoples.ru/art/music/national/sagyrbaev)

Dina Nurpeisova is kuishi, who combined the tradition of 19-20th centuries on her

 creative work, dynamism of Kurmangazi school, philosophic and aristocratic traditions of Dauletkerei. Her popular kuis are “Asem konyr”, “Bulbul”, “Zhiger”.        Second shool is connected with the name of kuishi Dauletkerei. He made great contribution to Kazakh instrumental music. And his kuis called “tore kuis” among people, because they philosophically concentrated and deep on thoughts. (www.asylmura.kz)    

    Third school is founded by Kazangap. His legacy in a great volume takes great stand in Kazakh classical instrumental music of 19, th 20th centuries. It is considered

 that exactly Kazangap performed all sixty-two “Akzhelens”. Akzhelen  is a designation of instrumental piece of genre.   

    Fourth School is devoted to original instrumental tradition of Western Kazakhstan, tradition of Mangistau. It is characterized by high level of instrumentalism development and considerable peforming and creative pecularity. Names of Mangistau composers Abyl, Esbai, Esir, Kulshar, Oskenbai and Murat Uskenbayev are well-known to the world of Kazakh instrumental music. 

     Fifth school is the tradition of Arka. Arka is large region in the centre of Kazakhstan. A central figure of instrumental tradition of Arka is Tattimbet. A legendary appearance of him is founded not only due to several dozens of his brilliant kuis, but also traditions and original historical information. Lyrical music of Tattimbet kuis generalizes at high levels human emotions and spiritual experience. His kuis “Kosbasar”, “Sari Zhailau”, “Bilkildak”, “Silkildak”, “Bestore” took natural place of classic of Kazakh musical culture.  

     Sixth school is Eastern Kazakhstan. Instrumental tradition of Eastern Kazakhstan is broad and little studied in musical relation region is reach and varied. The form and structure of this region’s kuis reflect an ancient basis of musical creature a sound system of natural structure. We can say that Baizhigit’s school of kui is leader among kuishies in the East Kazakhstan. There are a lot of old tunes in his kuis.

         Seventh school is devoted to an instrumental tradition of Zhetisu. For this tradition absolutely represents an interesting and rich regional instrumental style, it has not yet got a proper fame and recognition. The tradition of Zhetisu is closely connected with the tradition of Eastern Kazakhstan and culture of Kazakhs, who live in China and Mongolia.     

     The eighth school is instrumental tradition of Karatau region. This instrumental tradition shertpe, without doubt, successfully connected with the tradition of Arka, heritage of Tattimbet, Toka and Dairabai. According to site http://dombradukazakhstan.calabashmusic.com/ a central figure of this tradition is Sugur, brilliant musician, who left a deep trace in the history of Kazakh instrumental tradition.   

   In conclusion, each of these traditional schools is like big, unreachable ocean where a great musical heritage is.       



What is dombyra?

  Dombyra is a kazakh stringed musical instrument played by plucking. It has wooden frame (its length is 1000-1300 millimeters) and two strings(www.orchestra.kz) Dombyra is the sole of kazakh people. It can show the most deep feelings and experience , also console in diffcult minutes of trouble.

  Dombyra-wisdom of people. Many of kuisdombra-7.jpg(https://kazmus.wordpress.com/2007/06/20/history-of-traditional-music-in-kazakhstan/) are played with dombyra. From these kuis we can hear life experience of our ancestors, history of dramatical events , they bring knowledge about nature, philosophical views of humanity from generation to generation. Dombyra kuis were important factors of between generation succession and work as between timely tool of communication.

     Dombyra is a history of nomads. Through centuries and milleniums it brings memory about first pages of nomad’s history. Dombyra was witness of many historical events , which played key role in destiny of ancestors.

    As famous poet Kadir Mirzaliev said “real kazakh is not kazakh , real kazakh is dombyra!” our people always like, respect the songs and kuis peformed in dombyra. I suppose,In any kazakh family we can see at least one dombyra and at least one person in family could play it.

    National instrument dombyra in different region had different character. It varied in length, neck, shape of corpus and amount of frets. The national instrument in western Kazakhstan with long ,thin neck, pear-shaped form with 13-14 frets. Dombyra of Central Kazakhstan had wide and short neck , trapeziform or triangle form, with 6-8 frets. Unfortunately, in twentieth century hapenned unification of form and size, because of its industrial manufacturing.

The hip-hop challenges.

It was written that hip-hop in KZ is developing, but how it is developing; what are the reasons of the development; who are people that are developing it?

One of the reasons of fast prosperity is NITs! www.kzrap.kz site is the main force that pushes the moving hip-hop train with all the rappers.

It is world where rappers like a players in counter-strike have to kill each other in battles but with the art of their rhymes. Yes, it is hard to judge, but the judges are professional rappers, so that their decision cannot be argued.

About battles: two rappers are met in a battle by the results of sortition. The theme that they get has to be followed in their tracks (for example you must give a respect to your opponent in a such way that he will feel angry on you). They have to write a track on any minus that they choose, and the winner goes to the next round. Very interesting to listen to the battle between them, because it is not just a running down of an opponent, but beautiful art of rapping, although there were some cases when after battle rappers fought, but is makes battles even interesting.

There are 7 or 9 battles for one rapper, so you can imagine that not only one rapper participates.

Thousands of tracks can be downloaded, hundreds of rappers show their skills, and even more viewers get the pleasure.


The hip-hop world in Kazakhstan is not as diverse as in the USA or Russia, but it is developing, and has succeed already in Russia. Our national rappers and groups that have their own styles are really famous and have obvious authority among all the underground rappers in the former USSR countries. I am not mistaken, underground, because our showbizness is not developed yet. Yes our country has a lot of talents, but the money and required techniques are not available right now.

The only thing that encourages rappers is a perspective of development of show industry.

The understanding that Kazakhstan people like hip-hop and R’n’B is like aphrodisiac for the minds of native rappers. As for underground, lots of people in Kazakhstan listen to the tracks that can be downloaded from the commonly used http://www.kzrap.kz site.