Archive for June, 2007

What is dombyra?

  Dombyra is a kazakh stringed musical instrument played by plucking. It has wooden frame (its length is 1000-1300 millimeters) and two strings(www.orchestra.kz) Dombyra is the sole of kazakh people. It can show the most deep feelings and experience , also console in diffcult minutes of trouble.

  Dombyra-wisdom of people. Many of kuisdombra-7.jpg(https://kazmus.wordpress.com/2007/06/20/history-of-traditional-music-in-kazakhstan/) are played with dombyra. From these kuis we can hear life experience of our ancestors, history of dramatical events , they bring knowledge about nature, philosophical views of humanity from generation to generation. Dombyra kuis were important factors of between generation succession and work as between timely tool of communication.

     Dombyra is a history of nomads. Through centuries and milleniums it brings memory about first pages of nomad’s history. Dombyra was witness of many historical events , which played key role in destiny of ancestors.

    As famous poet Kadir Mirzaliev said “real kazakh is not kazakh , real kazakh is dombyra!” our people always like, respect the songs and kuis peformed in dombyra. I suppose,In any kazakh family we can see at least one dombyra and at least one person in family could play it.

    National instrument dombyra in different region had different character. It varied in length, neck, shape of corpus and amount of frets. The national instrument in western Kazakhstan with long ,thin neck, pear-shaped form with 13-14 frets. Dombyra of Central Kazakhstan had wide and short neck , trapeziform or triangle form, with 6-8 frets. Unfortunately, in twentieth century hapenned unification of form and size, because of its industrial manufacturing.


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It was written that hip-hop in KZ is developing, but how it is developing; what are the reasons of the development; who are people that are developing it?

One of the reasons of fast prosperity is NITs! www.kzrap.kz site is the main force that pushes the moving hip-hop train with all the rappers.

It is world where rappers like a players in counter-strike have to kill each other in battles but with the art of their rhymes. Yes, it is hard to judge, but the judges are professional rappers, so that their decision cannot be argued.

About battles: two rappers are met in a battle by the results of sortition. The theme that they get has to be followed in their tracks (for example you must give a respect to your opponent in a such way that he will feel angry on you). They have to write a track on any minus that they choose, and the winner goes to the next round. Very interesting to listen to the battle between them, because it is not just a running down of an opponent, but beautiful art of rapping, although there were some cases when after battle rappers fought, but is makes battles even interesting.

There are 7 or 9 battles for one rapper, so you can imagine that not only one rapper participates.

Thousands of tracks can be downloaded, hundreds of rappers show their skills, and even more viewers get the pleasure.


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The hip-hop world in Kazakhstan is not as diverse as in the USA or Russia, but it is developing, and has succeed already in Russia. Our national rappers and groups that have their own styles are really famous and have obvious authority among all the underground rappers in the former USSR countries. I am not mistaken, underground, because our showbizness is not developed yet. Yes our country has a lot of talents, but the money and required techniques are not available right now.

The only thing that encourages rappers is a perspective of development of show industry.

The understanding that Kazakhstan people like hip-hop and R’n’B is like aphrodisiac for the minds of native rappers. As for underground, lots of people in Kazakhstan listen to the tracks that can be downloaded from the commonly used http://www.kzrap.kz site.

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The Republican museum of national instruments opened in 1980, is one of the few similar in the world. Now museum is situated in the building of the former House of the officer assembly constructed in 1908 by architect A.Zenkov. In front of the museum you can see the sculptural image of a national musical instrument NARKOBIZ. In museum save over 1000 exhibits, here it is collected more 60 kinds of types and versions of the Kazakh national musical instruments which used singers, poets and composers Abay, Birzhan, Zhambyl, Seytek, Dina, Kyzyl Zhirau, A.Zhubanov, K.Azerbayev, A.Khasenov, M. Ержанов and others.

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We think that a difference big, because in our country hard to make the way. And our stars are not present to demand. May be some singers have talent. But it’s not enough to become a celebrity, it is necessary not only talent, but also communications and money. But even have all it, you only can become a star in Kazakhstan. We have only one group which could to make the way in Russia, it’s A-studio. Though as you know now there is a dispute it is the Kazakhstan group promoted in Moscow or is the Moscow group in which simply is pair Kazakhs. Personally I like this group, but I think they have betraid our country. Earlier there were Kazakhs, and now? And group became international. Now group live in Moscow. Only one group which has won hearts Russian people, it’s too progress. Why in foreign countries to be star easier? For example, if we take Madonna.One of the day Madonna has decided that only in New York it will manage to promote. She bought ticket and went to New York. It was her first flight. She took small suitcase, clothes, ballet slippers and only 37 dollars. She can do it without everything, she only have talent and insistence.

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Many of people worried about question, why in foreign countries to become known for the whole world to make deafening success in the world of show of business easier, including me. Because our republic young. We republic in which film-industry and show business is developed not so well as other countries. I think we are only on the way. Every day, including the TV, we hear, that such that the known actress, the singer or model goes from villages, with several dollars in a pocket to submit Hollywood. Also that it most interesting they can do it. But I hope, that in the near future our show business, the film-industry and everything, that will be connected with it even better than others countries.


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    Traditional  Musicians who haven’t any musical education and learned from ancestors through traditional way asserted that during the time of USSR kazakh traditional “kui” music lost its roots, because almost all traditional music transfered to classical european notation. In this system It is impossible to learn the whole traditional composition with its special characteristics and emotions, different speed and technique which are not written on notations. Musical notation is like bones without meat. Today the notation system are taught in almost all musical schools and institutes. But some musicologists as A. Raimbergenov offer orally based approach teaching of traditional music in schools. More about it on www.akdn.org/Music/Musicin.htm#kazakhstan.

    Another theme of discussion is peforming traditional music with modern arrangement. Defenders of traditional music think that with arrangement we are losing our tradition. But new generation of musicians supposed that with this modern arrangement traditional music obtain new look and it will be popular among youth.

   Moreover, on site www.artsoffive.wordpress.com/ Natalie started another actual problem of our music industry as peforming with phonogram. Today some traditional music peformers also use a phonogram. In my opinion, the problem exist because of lack of professional qualitative musical equipments to peform alive , our audience don’t required live sound from musicians and musicians themselves used to peform with phonogram.

    In conclusion, I want to say that despite of some debate situations in music our traditional music is developing and I believe to its bright future.!!!!!!!!!!!!!!1

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